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Achievement after failure: The role of achievement goals and negative self-related thoughts

  • Theory on achievement goals favours a trichotomous model encompassing learning goals, performance-approach, and performance-avoidance goals. Performance-avoidance goals are associated with lower achievement compared to performance-approach and learning goals. The present study investigated the predictions of this model as regards achievement after failure. Low achievement of participants with performance-avoidance goals was expected to be mediated by a high degree of negative self-related thoughts. Before manipulating achievement goals, achievement on verbal analogies was assessed. After manipulating achievement goals for an anagram task, all participants (N = 87) were exposed to failure. Subsequently, achievement on a parallel version of the verbal analogies task was assessed. Participants in the performance-avoidance goals condition showed low achievement after failure, mediated by a high degree of negative self-related thoughts.

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Author:Claudia Dickhäuser, Susanne Buch, Oliver Dickhäuser
Parent Title (English):Learning and instruction : the journal of the European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction (EARLI)
Publisher:Elsevier Science
Place of publication:Amsterdam
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2011/02/01
Release Date:2023/07/26
Tag:Misserfolg; Zielorientierung
achievement goals
First Page:152
Last Page:162
Institutes:Fakultät 2: Steuer- und Wirtschaftsrecht
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich geschützt